1909 - 1913
Designed by Herbert Baker, one of Britain's most famous colonial architects, the Union Building became the seat of South African government after the South African War (1899-1901).
Designed to emulate European classicism, Baker wanted his building to represent the 'attributes of the eternal' - stating that it would embody rational, civilised, colonial government.
The two wings, joined by a curved lobby, are designed to represent the union of two 'races', Afrikaans and English.
For many years the bulk of the government of South Africa was based here. It became a focus of anti-apartheid protest.
Since the advent of majority rule, the building has continued to serve as the president's offices.
Photo: Julia Gallagher